How to Achieve Cybersecurity
Cybersecurity, computer safety, or computer assurance is the assurance of privacy, confidentiality, and the security of personal computer networks and systems against external information disclosure, computer misuse, or damage to the hardware, software or electronic information they provide. Cybersecurity is also the prevention of external threats to computers and their networks such as viruses, spoofing, intrusion attacks, and malicious intrusions. There are many ways that a company can achieve this goal. One way is to implement strict policies and procedures for computer use which include random distribution of anti-virus scans, firewalls, and anti-spam programs. Another way is to implement cost effective and time efficient measures and procedures to reduce or limit access to systems and data by unauthorized personnel or outsiders.
One of the major threats to modern computer systems is data leaks from laptops, external network attached storage devices, smartphone apps, and other internet-connected devices. These devices often contain confidential information that can be exploited. A number of hackers and cyber-criminals who gain illicit access to such data leaks may then use the information for illegal activities including identity theft, internet fraud, financial fraud, and job fraud. Stricter policies for securing these devices must also address issues of trust and confidence. Achieving the best results from implementing cyber-security measures includes developing trust between employees, departments, and systems which require greater accountability and transparency in information sharing practices.
Another key goal of implementing an information security program is preventing or limiting the exposure of confidential information to unauthorized access. Ensuring that data is protected against unauthorized access includes physical and logical safeguards to prevent hacking into network systems. Physical safeguards include implementing measures to prevent access to sensitive data by unauthorized personnel. Such measures can include implementing physical access control at networks, using passwords and access control cards for networks, and maintaining monitoring and tracking of networks to determine if a system has been compromised. Logical safeguards include controlling access to system applications through the use of user permissions, and creating administrative privileges for authorized users.