Common Types of Cybersecurity – What Is Ransomware?

Cybersecurity, computer safety or information security is the prevention of computer networks and systems from unauthorized information access, computer viruses, computer malware, or even physical damage or destruction of their electronic information, hardware, or software. This can be done in a variety of ways, including by following best practices for information security with firewalls, software that block viruses, and even providing training to employees to be aware of any malicious attacks. Another way to prevent cyber attacks is by conducting regular updates to your computer and software, so that your system can ward off malicious attackers. There are also measures you can take, such as installing anti-virus software and firewalls to protect your network from cyber attacks.


Prevention is still the most effective measure against cyber attacks, because you must do everything possible to try to avoid being attacked in the first place. This includes using strong passwords for all of your accounts, keeping your social security number protected, not sharing your passwords with anyone, never responding to unsolicited emails, and using your email account for secure communication with your peers and for file storage only. Another step in preventing attacks is by having your computer, networking systems, and internet used only by trusted individuals. In addition, it is important to regularly update your software to help ward off any new forms of malware.

Ransomware is one of the most common forms of malware and can have some pretty dire consequences if you don’t take precautions to stop it. Simple things like deleting files or programs may be enough for someone to take this opportunity to enter your system and may be free or very inexpensive for them to do so, depending on how much information was taken and whether or not there are any monetary charges involved. However, this doesn’t mean that there aren’t other less harmful forms of malware, and one that is starting to become more popular is the so-called “Ransomware Attack”. In this case, hackers will not take your computer for granted but will instead use your system as a medium to extract money from you. Common types of malicious software include: